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How can batteries help power a clean energy future?

Where will the lithium, graphite, and other materials needed come from? 

What will we do with the batteries at their end of life?

How did China get ahead in battery manufacturing?  

Can the U.S. catch up?

This website is a companion to the book, Charged: A History of Batteries and Lessons for a Clean Energy Future


Scroll down to learn more about the role of batteries — from the lead-acid battery that powered the twentieth century to the lithium-ion batteries set to transform the twenty-first century — in advancing a clean energy future. 


The website includes factoids, excerpts from the book, links to presentations, and media coverage.

Want a preview of Charged?  See chapter excerpts here…

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Buy Charged from one of these retailers…

James Morton Turner, Charged:  A History  of Batteries and Lessons for a Clean Energy Future (University of Washington Press, 2022).

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